Writing up Ph
Approaches to teaching writing
Structural linguistics, dominant as it was in the 1940s, shaped the behavio
A focus on the teaching of writing as a matter of reinforcing the formal properties of the second language according
- Familiarization: this first stage is where learners are presented and, thus, taught grammatical structures and vocabulary, which is
done usually done by through exposing learners to a text.
- Controlled writing: this is where learners work on activities that stimulate close-ended questions or statements
, . f F or example , : substation tables.
- Guided writing: in this step, learners follow text models.
- Free writing: the last stage is one in which learners make use of what they learned in the previous stages to produce a paragraph or essay.
The good writing, from this perspective, thus, is that which predominantly adheres to the requirements of accurate and syntactical forms of the language concerned. In other words, the primary concern of the teaching of writing is to develop learners that are skilled at avoiding ill-formed and hence producing well-structured sentences, which show evidence of knowledge of language. Similarly, the assessment of the learners’ written productions is based on correcting the grammatical forms of the language (Hyland,
Teaching learners to write in a way that shows their degree of control over the structure of sentences is undeniable. The departure from the product based approach to a more focus on functions is because writing does not only involve grammar, but it also includes the purpose for which one is writing (Hyland,